A Short History: Opiates Timeline

  • 1804Morphine is isolated by Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Sertürner.
  • 1832Codeine is first extracted from opium.
  • 1853 — Scottish physician Alexander Wood co-invents the hypodermic syringe with French surgeon Charles Pravaz.
  • 1874 — C.R. Alder Wright synthesizes diacetylmorphine, heroin, from anhydrous morphine alkaloid.
  • 1898 — Bayer Pharmaceutical Company markets heroin as a safe, non-addictive morphine substitute, and cough suppressant for children.
  • 1913 — Bayer Pharmaceutical Company stops production of heroin.
  • 1914 — The Harrison Narcotics Tax Act is passed, which put a tax on opium, heroin, and cocaine.
  • 1924 — The Heroin Act is passed, making manufacture and possession of heroin illegal.
  • 1937Hoechst 10820 is invented, later to be called methadone, by German scientists Max Bockmühl and Gustav Ehrhart.
  • 1930 — The Federal Bureau of Narcotics was created.
  • 1970 — The Controlled Substances Act was enacted into law, creating a legal system that divided drugs into categories, set regulatory standards, and set penalties for illicit possession.
  • 2002Buprenorphine is approved for treatment of opioid dependency under the tradename Suboxone.

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